Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
Platelet Rich Plasma is generally referred to as PRP. PRP uses concentrated platelets from the patient’s own blood to harness the body’s ability to heal through the aid of growth factors. Studies have shown that the increased concentration of growth factors in PRP can speed up the healing process.
How it Works
Tendons and ligaments have poor blood supply and have less effective healing than other tissues. This can lead to chronic pain and instability. Platelets are found in the blood and are primarily known for stopping bleeding when you get cut. As part of their function, platelets have large reservoirs of growth factors to initiate and accelerate tissue repair and regeneration. They stimulate wound healing of connective tissue (tendons and ligaments), bone regeneration and repair, and promotion of new blood vessels.
The blood is taken from the individual and processed on the SAME DAY. Platelets are separated out and then concentrated many fold. The PRP graft made from the patient is placed into the damaged area that had been identified by use of image guidance (musculoskeletal ultrasound and/or fluoroscopy). This stimulates a healing cascade.
Unlike steroids or cortisone shots, PRP stimulates and modulates the necessary healing within the body. It is very important to avoid anti-inflammatory medications such as Motrin or Aleve as they can interfere with the healing process. Generally, the amount of activity the patient did prior to the procedure, the patient will be able to do during the month after the procedure. Activity levels will increase as the patient heals. During this time, a short course of Physical Therapy may be advised. PRP does not result in an “instant fix” even if the pain is improved or resolved. The healing process takes time (usually 6-8 weeks) and the patient will be monitored for a return to full, unrestricted activities.
- Reduction in pain
- Restore normal function
- Eliminate the need for prolonged physical therapy
- Eliminate need for Surgery
- Avoid Inactivity and Deconditioning