Sports Injuries occur when people injury themselves by playing sports, exercising incorrectly, and repetitively overusing a body part. Accidents, lack of warming up properly or stretching enough before activities, poor sport training and not being in shape can cause these injuries. The most common areas of the body that are affected by sport injuries are knees, shoulders, elbows, ankles and the spine.
Arthritis is basically inflammation of one or more joints. They are many different forms of arthritis. One of the most common is osteoarthritis, which is a degenerative condition due to age, trauma or infection of the joint. The pain associated with "arthritis" is usually constant and can create strains on the muscles connected to the affected joint.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common forms of arthritis affecting millions of people. This is when the cartilage between the joints breaks down (degeneration), commonly referred to as bone-on-bone arthritis. It is a chronic condition that causes pain, stiffness, and loss of joint movement.
Tendons are the fibers that connect muscle to bone. There are two types of tendon injuries. Tendinitis is when the tendon is inflamed. Tendinosis is when there are tiny tears in the tissue in and around the tendon, which is usually caused by overusing the tendon over a long period of time. They are usually found in the upper and lower limbs. Symptoms are aches and pain, stiffness, and swelling. If the tendinitis lasts longer then a few months, then it is most likely tendinosis (degeneration).
Tennis Elbow is a condition caused by overuse of the elbow. It is not limited to people who play tennis or racquetball. It occurs to people who participate in other recreational activities or jobs where they engage in vigorous and repetitive motions using their arms. Common symptoms are a burning or pain on the other part of the elbow and having a weak grip. Tennis Elbow can be worsened by forearm activity.
Golfer’s Elbow is similar to Tennis Elbow, since it is a form of tendinitis of the elbow. However, the pain and inflammation is found on the tendons that connect the forearm to the elbow. It is usually caused by repetitive overuse of the muscles one uses to rotate, grip, flex and swing. These motions can all cause tiny tears or pulls in the tendons.
Rotator Cuff Tendon
Tears and inflammation in the rotator cuff are a common cause of shoulder pain. It tends to have a sudden onset, since usually it happens due to a specific injury. Though in some cases it is due to overuse like in athletes who do a lot of throwing or heavy lifting. This type of pain affects your ability to lift your arm thereby hampering such activities as swimming, typing and dressing one’s self, and motions that are overhead.
Jumper’s Knee, which is also known as patellar tendinosis, is when there is an injury or inflammation to the patellar tendon. The patellar tendon is the tissue that joins the kneecap to the shinbone. Jumper’s Knee is caused by constant jumping and landing, in sports that have a lot of repetitive jumping, i.e. gymnastics, track, volleyball and basketball. It results from putting too much repeated stress on the patellar tendon. This then causes tiny tears in the tendons that cause initial inflammation and a weakening of the structure, but then becomes chronically degenerated.
An Achilles Tendon injury is when you injury the tendon that connects from your calf muscles to the back of your heel bone. It is a common tendon to injure. Many Achilles tendon injuries are caused by not stretching enough before strenuous physical activity, overuse, fallen arches, wearing high heels and sports such as football, volleyball, and baseball. Symptoms are usually swelling, difficulty flexing or pointing your toes, stiffness and a popping noise during an activity.
Plantar Fasciitis is when you experience pain on the bottom of your heel. The plantar fascia is the ligament that connects your heel bone to your toes. If you strain the tendon(s) that supports your arch it can cause tiny tears which lead to pain and swelling. It is more likely to happen if you are overweight, if you stand/walk for long periods of time, or wear shoes that don’t fit correctly. Classically, the worst pain is the first step put of bed.
Ligaments are the fibers that hold your bones together which in turn stabilizes the joint and range of motion. When ligaments are damaged, they are no longer able to provide the same support thereby causing joint instability/weakness.
Labral Tears (Shoulder/Hip)
The labrum is additional tissue to make the cup part of the joint deeper for greater stability. Labral Tears occur at the edge of the socket around the hip and shoulder joints. Injuries to the labrum in the shoulder are the most common, but lately there has been an increased awareness of ones in the hip. There are two types of labral tears. A traumatic tear is usually due to fall, accident or sports injury and can happen because of a sudden, twisting movement. A degenerative tear is due to constant repetitive motions and is considered chronic.
Low Back Pain
The spine is a complex arrangement of multiple units (bones, joints, discs, ligament and muscle attachment, etc.). Bone strength and elasticity of muscles decrease as we age. The discs in our spine start to lose fluid and flexibility. This does not bode well when someone overstretches or does heavy lifting. It can cause a spasm, strain or sprain in the muscles and/or ligaments in the back thereby causing acute pain. A disc in the spine can actually bulge out or rupture if the spine is overly strained. Back pain can be due to injury or chronic overload (ie poor posture), which leads to degeneration (arthritis).
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